Economic Data freely available online
Compiled by John Sloman, Economics Network
Last updated 4th January 2019
Here are some links that you may find useful for accessing statistics and other information. Datasets that require you to pay or register are on a separate page along with pointers. (Note that some free datasets that require registration are also listed below.)
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- A. UK sites for data
- B. International sites for data
- 7. European Central Bank Statistics
- 8. European Economy
- 9. OECD Statistics Portal (including OECD Economic Outlook)
- 10. World Bank data sets
- 11. IMF data sets
- 12. WTO international trade statistics
- 13. UNCTAD statistics
- 14. Bank for International Settlements
- 15. Principal Global Indicators
- 16. NationMaster
- 17. Gapminder
- 18. CIA World Factbook
- 19. IndexMundi
- 20. FRED: Federal Reserve Economic Data
- 21. EconStats from EconomyWatch
- 22. Penn World Table
- 23. DataMarket
- 24. Knoema
- 25. The Conference Board datasets
- 26. Vizala
- 27. Asian Development Bank: Data and Research
- C. Market data
- 28. Yahoo Finance
- 29. Telegraph shares and markets
- 30. IndexMundi commodities
- 31. Energy Information Administration
- 32. The London Metal Exchange
- 33. The UK government's Debt Management Office
- 34. BBC Market Data
- 35. UK house prices
- 36. International property prices
- 37. UK labour market data from Adzuna
- 38. worldwide-tax.com
- 39. Mergers and Acquisitions Statistics from the IMAA
- D. Portal sites with links to other sites
The following sites are the main ones for accessing free data (mainly macroeconomic) on the UK economy. The sites also contain some international data.
In February 2016, the ONS launched an extensively redesigned website. The objective was to make it easier to find data and publications under various headings and to have a simpler search feature.
"One of the key priorities during the development was to greatly improve the search function. This has been achieved by introducing a clearer filter function (to help users get to required information quicker), a specific topic search (spreadsheets, time series, articles etc), implementing the use of ‘Elasticsearch’ (recognised as one of the leading open-source search tools) and the simplification of terms used to make data easier to find.
The website now also includes 35,000+ time series that can be used to make customisable charts and a tool is available for selecting and downloading up to 50 of them to create bespoke datasets."
On the Home Page you can find the following:
At the top you can access data and publications under 5 broad categories (Business, industry and trade; Economy; Employment and labour market; People, population and community and Surveys) and 32 subcategories (e.g. Inflation and price indices and National accounts under Economy). In addition, there is an A to Z listing of statistical bulletins.
On the Home Page, you can also see the latest headline news, figures and publications.
Also on the Home page and throughout the site is a search box. This enables you to search by keyword for any topic and the results will be organised by 'Data', 'Publications' and 'Other'. Under each of these you can apply filters. So, under the 'Publications' category, you can filter by 'Statistical bulletins', 'Articles' or 'Compendium'.
Data can be downloaded as an Excel or CSV file. Statistical bulletins can be accessed on line or downloaded as a PDF file, with particular graphs or tables downloaded as an Excel or CSV file.
The search box also allows you to access a particular time series by its unique 4-digit identifier. Thus if you wanted to find 'Gross domestic product: expenditure at current market prices', which has the code YBHA, then simply put YBHA in the search box. Your series will be displayed as a graph and you can download it as an Excel or CSV file. You are also given a list of related series.
To find a 4-digit code, you can use the archived page at:
Key Economic Time Series Data
You can also find data by using the Time series explorer tool
Time series explorer
Using this tool you can search by keyword and then refine by topic and when last updated.
Finally there is a very easy-to-use clickable list of all the main ONS series, such as the United Kingdom Economic Accounts, Labour Market Statistics and Balance of Payments provided by UK Data Explorer.
List of ONS Releases
The statistics area of the Bank's site contains a range of monetary and financial data:
This includes the monthly publication, Bankstats, available as a PDF document or as separate tables in Excel files:
There is also a large range of banking, monetary and financial statistics in the Statistical Interactive Database. There are two easy ways of accessing the statistics in the database. The first is by category of table using the following link:
Statistical Interactive Database: by Table
First you click on a category (e.g. Money and lending); then select a series (e.g. Monthly growth rates of M4 and M4 Lending) by clicking on the "+" sign to open up the options and then again with the selected option; then check the relevant series and click on 'show data' at the bottom of the screen; then select the date range and then the format in which to view the table (HTML, Excel, XML or CSV).
The second method is to use the A to Z listing using the following link:
Statistical Interactive Database: A to Z listing
First you choose which of four alphabetical lists to use. Then select a country or subject (e.g. M4); then a particular series (e.g. LPMAUYM); then, after clicking on 'show data' at the bottom of the screen, select the date range and the format to view the table. Again the available format are HTML, Excel (XLS), XML and CSV.
Search facility. As with the ONS site, each of the datasets has a unique identifying code, normally seven digits. Thus, the code for seasonally adjusted M4 (quarterly figures) is LPQAUYN. You can put this into the following search box to access the dataset.
Statistical Interactive Database - navigate by search
You can use the same search box for key words, such as 'money'.
The Treasury site (now on GOV.UK) is also a very useful source of UK data. The main site can be accessed via the following link. The Statistics and Budget sections are particularly useful.
In the Statistics section you will find Latest Economic Indicators.
There is also a section f the site which gives forecasts for the UK economy by between 20 and 40 independent organisations. It also gives averages of these forecasts. This section is updated monthly to take account of new forecasts.
There is also a separate section on the site for the Autumn Budget Report and the Spring Statement (use the links in the site's top right-hand navigation panel). The full reports, tables and charts can be downloaded.
The OBR was set up by the Coalition government in 2010 to provide forecasts and analysis of the UK's public finances.
The role of the OBR
It produces a number of publications.
These include the Economic and Fiscal Outlook, which is published twice per year in the Spring and Autumn and sets out forecasts for the economy and the public finances over a five-year horizon.
Economic and Fiscal Outlook
They also include the Fiscal Sustainability Report, which is published annually and presents long-term projections for public spending and tax revenue.
Fiscal Sustainability Report
The IFS is an independent research institute which publishes a range of reports and data relevant to fiscal policy, public finances, incomes and the UK economy. It conducts a detailed analysis of the Budget each year:
In the tools and resources section of the site you will find access to data and analysis.
Resources and Videos
This is the UK's site for official government statistics. The data can be searched by policy area (such as energy, employment, tax and revenue or UK economy). It can also be searched by keyword or by government department. You can select a date range for publication.
The following sites give access to international data. Some of the data are for individual countries; some are for groups of countries.
On the ECB site you will find a statistical section containing a number of series. The index can be accessed via the following link:
ECB Statistical Section
The European Economy supplements, also available in hard-copy form, can be downloaded from the Europa portal site. They are contained in the Business, Economy, Euro (DG) site. The home page of the directorate is:
Business, Economy, Euro
Annual Macroeconomic Database (AMECO)
AMECO contains a large range of annual time-series data for the 28 EU countries, the EU candidates, the EEA countries and the other OECD countries. There are approximately 700 indicators in the dataset. Many of the indicators go back to 1960 and forecast ahead for two years. The data can be viewed online (using Java) and is accessed from:
By clicking on the following link, you will arrive at the 6-monthly forecasts for each of the 28 EU countries, the euro area, the 28 EU countries as a whole and also the USA, Japan and China. Apart from containing a comprehensive verbal economic report (plus tables) of each country and the EU as a whole, there is a comprehensive statistical annex with 62 tables of time series data, plus forecasts for the next one or two years.
Index of Economic Forecasts
European Economy Statistical Annex
The Statistical Annex to European Economy is updated six-monthly. It contains 118 tables with macroeconomic data for each of the EU28 countries, the applicant countries (such as Turkey and the former Yugoslavian Republic of Macedonia), the euro area (the current 19 and the previous 12), the 15 EU countries that were members prior to 2004 and also the USA and Japan. It can be downloaded as a PDF file from the following:
Statistical Annex of the European Economy
First click on the year and then on the relevant Statistical Annex. Then either left click on the link to download the PDF file, or right click to save it.
It may be useful to know how to import a table from PDF into Excel. Also, with an Excel file containing many rows or columns, it may be useful to keep the header rows (or columns) of the spreadsheet static while the rest of the figures can be moved with the scroll bar or mouse wheel.
Business and Consumer Surveys
The European Economy site also contains monthly business and consumer surveys. These come in two separate sets: Economic Sentiment Indicator (ESI) and Business Climate Indicator (BCI). You can access the latest ones here:
Business and Consumer Surveys: Latest
You can also access longer time series. You can download these as eight sets of zipped Excel files, one for each type of indicator (economic sentiment, industry, services, consumers, retail trade, construction, financial services and investment) or as two complete sets (seasonally and non-seasonally adjusted). The series give monthly data from 1985 and, for some series, quarterly data too. See the Index in the first worksheet of each file for the meaning of the codes used in the tables. The tables give indicators for each of the 28 EU countries, for the eurozone and for the EU as a whole. You will find all these at:
Business and Consumer Surveys: Time Series
On this site you will find a whole range of statistics for each of the 35 OECD countries, the euro area and the OECD as a whole. The statistics are arranged by topic group, including national Accounts, Finance, Agriculture, Development, International Trade, Labour, Prices, Public Management and Short-term Economic Statistics.
Catalogue of OECD databases
OECD Economic Outlook
From the catalogue you can also link to the OECD Economic Outlook. This six-monthly publication contains a large database, now accessible within OECD.Stat, with annual and quarterly macroeconomic data for each of the OECD countries plus selected other countries or groups. There are nearly 300 variables, which you can easily select from a pull-down menu. You can also customise them by country and year and export them to Excel or other formats. The data go back at least 20 years and in many cases back to 1960. There are also forecasts for at least one year ahead.
OECD Economic Outlook data and forecasts
The Statistical Annex contains 63 tables already in Excel format to download as eight separate files:
Main Economic Indicators (MEI)
Shorter-term macroeconomic data on each of the OECD countries can be found in the OECD's Main Economic Indicators (MEI). Although the complete publication is available only by subscription, some of the key data can be found at:
Statistics related to the MEI
Also, publicly available data can be downloaded from the OECD iLibrary at:
Main Economic Indicators
This section of the site contains various datasets classified under a number of headings, such as Development, Economic Projections, Labour and National Accounts. You can customise the datasets by series, countries and years.
The World Bank site contains a vast database of economic, social and other development statistics for all countries of the world. Although much of the data on the site is available only by subscription, the following link takes you to quite a large selection of open-access data, which you can search by country, topic and indicator:
The World Bank also publishes its annual World Development Report. You can download the reports for each year from the following:
World Development Reports
The database of World Development Indicators can be found at:
World Development Indicators
The complete set of World Bank World Development Indicators and World Bank International Debt Statistics data are available free via the UK Data Service (incorporating the former Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS)), which requires you to login through the UK Access Management Federation for Education and Research. You will first need to register. This is free. (Details are given on the site). Then to login, you specify your university or college and then use your university/college username and password.
UK Data Service (International Macrodata section)
A useful set of publications by the World Bank are the Little Data Books. These give key indicators of the economy, environment, external debt, etc. for each of over 200 countries and for groups of countries organised by region and by income. There is a separate page for each country or group.
The Little Data Book 2016
The Little Data Book on Gender 2016
The Little Data Book on Information and Communication Technology 201
The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2016
The Little Green Data Book 2016
The Little Data Book on Climate Change 2011
The Little Data Book on Financial Development 2015/16
The Little Data Book on Financial Inclusion 2015
Another valuable set of international statistics that can be accessed from the World Bank site is Principal Global Indicators (see site 15). This gives country-by-country economic and financial data for the Group of 20 (G20) countries. The data can be downloaded as PDF, CSV or Excel files.
Principal Global Indicators
The World Bank provides a number of data portals which provide data dashboards on various topics as well as access to all the underlying data through visualization and sharing applications.
Data portals and tools
The World Bank has also developed a 'Visualizer' that can be used to compare indicators over time. Visualizers are available for a number of topics. For example, the following links to the visualizer on trade with some 150 available indicators.
World Bank Trade Visualizer
Country reports for all countries of the world can be found via the following link:
Four particularly useful publications are the World Economic Outlook (see also WEO databases), Global Financial Stability Report, Fiscal Monitor and Annual Report. Each of these has a large statistical annex and can be accessed via the following link.
Data and Statistics
The complete set of IMF Direction of Trade Statistics, International Finance Statistics, Balance of Payments Statistics, Government Finance Statistics and World Economic Outlook are available free via the Economic and Social Data Service, which requires using your university/college username and password (you will have to register first: details are given on the site).
UK Data Service (International Macrodata section)
A number of additional IMF datasets are available for free access on the IMF Data site, including data on international reserves, investment, financial soundness and financial access. These can be searched by country, topic and data source.
The statistics section of the WTO site contains a number of databases and publications providing extensive access to trade and tariff data.
Trade and tariff data
There are several parts to the site. These include: data on Merchandise trade and commercial services; Tariffs; and a relatively new section, Global Value Chains, which measures and analyses trade in value added.
These is also a searchable database for various time series data. These include data on merchandise and commercial services trade.
Time Series data
From this part of the site you can also access trade profiles of individual countries at:
and tariff profiles at:
An excellent annual publication, which you can download as PDF or Excel files, is International Trade Statistics. This "offers a comprehensive overview of the latest developments in world trade, covering the details of merchandise trade by product and trade in commercial service". For the latest volume see:
World Trade Statistical Review series
The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) site has an online statistical database, UNCTADstat. This contains data on international trade, foreign direct investment (FDI), commodity prices, economic trends, population and labour, external financial resources and maritime transport.
You can also download the annual World Investment Report in PDF files at:
World Investment Report
The above report contains many tables on global and regional FDI, cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&As) and transnational corporations (TNCs).
The Annexes to the World Investment Report contain a range of additional FDI, M&A and TNC statistics that can be downloaded as 20 Excel files.
The Bank for International Settlements is "an international organisation which fosters international monetary and financial cooperation and serves as a bank for central banks". From the hub part of the site you can access the websites of each of the world's central banks.
Central bank websites
...and working and research papers published by central banks.
Central Bank Research Hub
There is also a substantial statistical section. It is the best source for data on nominal and real exchange rate indices. It uses narrow indices (comprising 26 and 27 economies for the nominal and real indices, respectively) with data going back to 1964, and broad indices (comprising 61 economies) with data going back to 1994. In each case data are available in Excel format. Alternatively you can download all the files as a single CSV file. Recent exchange rate index data can be browsed with BIS Statistics Explorer or queried with BIS Statistics Warehouse.
The statistical section also has data on cross-border lending and borrowing of banks:
Locational banking statistics
It also has data on securities and derivatives. Also, every three years BIS conducts a global central bank survey of activity in the foreign exchange market. The results of the April 2016 survey were released in December 2016.
Triennial Central Bank Survey of Foreign Exchange and Derivatives Market Activity: updated May 2018
The statistical section also has a link to the joint BIS-IMF-OECD-World Bank statistics on external debt, see:
Joint External Debt Hub (JEDH)
You can also find details of the payments systems in each country, including data on money supply, total bank notes and coin issued, data on banks and other financial institutions including branches and value of accounts, cards issued, ATMs, transactions per type of payment instrument, number and value of securities and derivatives trades and many other indicators:
Statistics on payment and settlement systems
This site gives data for the G-20 countries and twelve others plus the eurozone and Hong Kong. The site is hosted by the IMF and is a joint undertaking of the Inter-Agency Group on Economic and Financial Statistics (IAG).
It provides macroeconomic and financial data in tabular form for the 34 economies. You can access data by indicator or by country.
Principal Global Indicators
There are also links to additional data sources for each of the 34 countries/economies. Use the pull-down menu to select an economy:
Additional Data Sources
This is a compilation of more than five thousand data series, from sources including the CIA World Factbook, UN, and OECD. As well as profiles of individual countries including their maps and flags, you can browse the data by topic, including education, economy, crime, mortality or health. The site offers a facility to create correlation reports and scatter-plots on the fly.
From the left-hand column on the home page you can select profiles for individual countries and country groups or data under more than 5000 categories.
From the central column on the home page, under 'Tables, graphs, maps and pie charts', you can choose a category. Under 'Country facts and stats' you can choose both a country and a category. Under Compare any two, you can choose any two countries and compare them in terms of any selected indicator.
You can also access data from the pull-down categories in the top bar.
Gapminder allows you to chart three indicators (from a very large selection) over time for most countries simultaneously, with data going back decades, or even centuries for some indicators. The charts allow you to see very easily the differences between countries: hence the title of the site! The following link takes you to Gapminder World. (Note that you will need Flash installed on your computer to run Gapminder.)
The link takes you to the default view, which is Chart View, where you can choose which indicator to put on each axis by clicking on each axis in turn and selecting from the drop-down list. Each axis can be shown in linear or log mode. Each country is represented by a bubble, whose colour varies by continent. The size of the bubble gives the third indicator, whose default is the population size, but again you can use a drop-down menu (bottom right or right under 'Find', depending on your browser) to select this third indicator. The default is all countries, but you can select just one or more countries from a list on the right. The non-selected countries appear in faded colour. You can use a slider to fade them out completely if you prefer. You can also track the path of your selected countries over time if you choose.
A guide to Chart View is given at:
Gapminder World Guide
An alternative view is the Map view (click on Bubbles link at top left of screen). Each country bubble is positioned on a world map. The size of the bubble gives one indicator. A second indicator can be shown by colour gradation of the bubbles. Again, you can select individual countries from the menu on the right.
Other views include Income, Trends, Ranks, Ages and Spreadsheet (again click on the menu at top left of screen).
The site also has a range of videos which examine specific data.
If you don't mind that this information comes courtesy of the CIA, this is a very useful site, giving a host of economic and other data, country-by-country. Simply select a country from the drop-down menu near the top of the page: 'Select a country or location'.
The World Factbook
Alternatively, you can compare countries by indicator. There are 76 indicators from which to choose, including more than 30 economic indicators. When you select an indicator, countries are arranged in descending order (except for inflation and unemployment rates, where countries are arranged in ascending order).
IndexMundi contains detailed country statistics, charts, and maps compiled from multiple sources. You can explore and analyse thousands of indicators organised by region, country, topic, industry sector, and type. (See also site 30 below).
The IndexMundi site has a powerful graphing feature which you can use for the following:
World and continent maps showing colour-coded information and data tables by country for 44 separate indicators (use the drop-down menus):
World maps by indicator
Bar charts with figures for ranking countries for a range of indicators:
Country comparison charts
Times series charts and tables that allow you to compare up to four countries using up to ten indicators:
Historical data graphs
Correlation scatter charts (plus table) that allow you to compare two indicators for all countries for a selected year:
Economic data for the whole of the USA, updated daily from the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
Federal Reserve Economic Data
A full list of topics can be found at the bottom of each page.
Penn World Table 9.0 by Robert C. Feenstra, Robert Inklaar and Marcel P. Timmer is provided by the University of Groningen's Growth and Development Centre. It is a database with information on relative levels of income, output, input and productivity, covering 182 countries between 1950 and 2014. Data may be opened in Excel or Stata.
Penn World Table 9.0 Database
There is also a comprehensive User Guide
The site, taken over by Qlik provides a consistent means of searching, comparing, visualising and downloading quantitative data from a wide variety of international sources. You can explore data by:
Data providers (such as the IMF, the UN, the Economist Intelligence Unit, Eurostat and the World Bank).
Any data that are open and free from the source site are still available free on the DataMarket site – some 125 million time-series from about 16 thousand data sets.
You can download data into various formats, including Excel, PDF, SVG, etc.
This site captures international data from a number of sources and presents them in a common space, visualizing figures, applying analytical functions, creating a set of dashboards and presenting the outcome.
For example, under Economics, you can access a range of economic indicators by country.
You can use the data atlas to search for data by date, name, topic or source.
The Conference Board, founded in 1916, is an independent non-profit global organisation. Its aim is 'to help leaders navigate the biggest issues impacting business and better serve society'. Amongst other activities, it provides a range of international data.
Economic Data & Analysis
Particularly useful datasets include:
Global Economic Outlook
Global Business Cycle Indicators
On the site you will also find a Total Economy Database, which provides annual data covering GDP, population, employment, hours, labour quality, capital services, labour productivity and total factor productivity for 123 countries in the world.
Total Economy Database
Vizala contains country-level data for 197 countries.
The data are organised into 21 broad categories, including: Banking/Lending, Economic Activity, Markets, Monetary/Inflation and Trade and FDI. Each of these is then divided into sub-categories, giving a total of more than 120 sub-categories. For example, Trade and FDI is divided into Exports, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Imports, Other Trade & FDI, Tariff Rates, Trade Flow and Trade Value. In each of the sub-categories you can select from a number of groups of indicators.
You can filter by country group and country. You can sort data across countries by value by clicking on the indicator.
Under Country Trends can also get time series data for individual countries over a chosen date range.
You can also select topics from a large list.
The site also has projections for a number of indicators by country. You can select start and end date.
The Asian Development Bank publishes a range of economic, financial, social, environmental and Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) statistics on its 48 member countries. In the statistics section, you can search by country under the headings: Economic Indicators, Poverty Indicators and Statistical Reports.
Three useful annual statistical publications are:
Basic Statistics Series
Asian Development Outlook (ADO)
Key Indicators (KI) for Asia and the Pacific Series
In each case data are available to download to Excel.
C. Market data
The following sites provide data on UK and international markets for individual commodities, shares or products.
The following link is to the home page, from which you can access the various sections of the site, including market data, industry news, personal finance and Brexit.
Yahoo Finance: home page
When you click on a particular stock or market, you get a real-time summary, including a small graph. If you click on 'Full screen' this gives you a full-page graph from which you can easily read prices on any day over any time period. You can also see additional stock or market prices on the same screen on the same dates by clicking on 'Comparison'. For example, the following shows the FTSE 100 graph, with comparison data for the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA).
This is a well presented and clearly navigable site for finding share and commodity prices and tailoring the data.
For example, you can see what is happening to each of the major stock market indices and all the individual shares in that particular index at:
Major Stock Market indices
You can draw time-series charts of any share for periods of 1 day to 10 years. These can be in different formats, such as line charts, candle charts or high-low charts. You can add overlays of moving averages and add charts at the bottom of the screen for a range of other indicators on that share, such as volume and moving average (VOLMA), moving average convergence/divergence (MACD), fast stochastic (Fast Stoch) and rate of change (ROC).
You can show 'heatmaps' which rank shares in indices by percentage change.
Also, you can build your own portfolio.
The IndexMundi site has an extensive set of commodity price data drawn from the IMF.
These can be charted for a 6-month, 1, 5, 10, 15, or 25-year range. The figures also appear in a table which can be downloaded to Excel. There are also links to recent news articles relevant to the selected commodity.
The site also contains country data, which can be found from the site's home page.
IndexMundi: home page
Details of the charting features of the country data can be found above at site 19
This is a US government site, but it gives international as well as US data on electricity, coal, gas, nuclear power and oil.
For individual country analyses, see:
International (Click "Select Country/Region")
You can download Excel files of daily, weekly, monthly and annual spot prices for various fuels.
Spot fuel Prices
For example, monthly historical prices for Brent crude are at:
Brent crude prices
Use the 'View history' panel at the top to toggle between annual, monthly, weekly and daily prices.
You can download Excel spreadsheets of prices, stocks and traded volumes for each month of the current year for each metal.
The BBC news site has a section with market data.
BBC News: Market Data
You can find current prices and charts of movements over the past one day, one, three or twelve months, or five years of share prices, stock markets, currencies and commodities.
There are five excellent sites for UK house price data.
UK House Price Indices (ONS using Land Registry data)
The following link takes you to reports on the UK housing market and house prices.
UK House Price Index: reports
The reports contain summary data and charts. They also contain links to the underlying datasets. You can customise the datasets by topic, year, etc. and download your selection to Excel using the following link.
UK HPI tool
Click on search the UK house price index and then on Customise your search. You can then download your selected data to Excel or another spreadsheet.
Nationwide house prices site
This gives quarterly movements in national house prices since 1952. More detailed series distinguishing type of property, type of buyer and region are given from more recent years (1973, 1983 or 1991).
House Prices: Data Download
Halifax House Price Index (Lloyds Banking Group)
The Halifax House Price Index site shows the movements in UK house prices over the past 12 months. This is a free site. There is a much more extensive set of national, regional and housing-type data going back to 1983, which used to be free but has now been moved to the Markit site where a subscription is required to access the data.
Halifax House Price Index
House price forecasts from the Office for Budget Responsibility
The OBR forecasts two key housing variables: average house prices, as measured by the ONS house price index, and the number of transactions which take place, reported by HMRC.
See also the following paper on the house price forecasting methodology used by the OBR.
Forecasting house prices
There are five useful sites for international property prices.
The Bank for International Settlements
The BIS site (see site 14 above) has a section on residential and commercial property prices in a range of countries that can be downloaded as an Excel file.
Property price statistics from BIS
Global Property Guide
You may also find the following site useful, which is designed for residential property investors who are considering buying houses or apartments in other countries. It tracks official and semi-official house price indices in 57 countries. It also has data on gross rental yields, market structures, conveyancing costs, landlord and tenant law and effective tax rates for residential property in over 100 countries.
Global Property Guide
The IMF's Global Housing Watch tracks developments in housing markets across the world on a quarterly basis. It provides current data on house prices as well as metrics used to assess valuation in housing markets, such as house price‑to‑rent and house-price‑to‑income ratios.
Global Housing Watch
The following infographic from The Economist allows you to select, for up to 27 countries, House-price indices, House prices in real terms, House prices against average incomes, House prices against rents and the Percentage change in house prices. You can choose the date range and the specific countries to display.
The Economist house-price index
Knight Frank publishes various reports on the housing market, including a quarterly global report. It contains a range of data, such as latest annual percentage house price changes in 56 countries and annual percentage changes in the global price index for the past 21 quarters
A useful part of the site for finding salary data is:
This again allows you search by job type and location. Monthly data are displayed for the past year.
There are also national data on salaries and vacancies available at:
UK Labour Market Stats
Also on this part of the site you can compare salaries for specific jobs or in specific locations with the national average.
This site has key data on world taxes, including income tax rates, a tax rates comparison table, a section on business & finance worldwide, a directory of world embassies, consulates and diplomatic missions, a link to general and economic news sites, links to tax news, links to world tax and revenue administrations, a directory of world stock exchanges and links to business opportunity sites arranged by country.
A useful section is:
Tax rates around the world
This is presented as a table, with the rates for each country with many of the countries clickable to give you more information.
The resources section of the Institute of Mergers, Acquisitions and Alliances (IMAA) site provides extensive and regularly updated statistics on Mergers and Acquisitions worldwide. Much of the data is open access and is organised by the following: Region, Transaction type, Industry and Country.
Open-access M&A Statistics
By signing up as a free user you can also download M&A data and statistics with the actual numbers in spreadsheets (Google Sheets and Excel format).
Register as free user
These sites provide links to other sites with a range of economic data.
This is a new data service funded by the UK's Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC). It incorporates the former Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS) which gives access to a range of datasets from national and international organisations. In addition to these datasets, the UK Data Service includes data from Census.ac.uk, Secure Data Service (SDS) and Survey Question Bank (SQB).
To gain free access to the datasets linked from the site you will need to enter your UK university/college username and password in the login box on the Home Page. You will first need to register from the same page.
Of particular interest to many economists are the following two sections:
This gives access to a huge range of international macroeconomic data from the World Bank, Eurostat, the IMF, the International Energy Agency (IEA), the ILO, the OECD and UNIDO.
To access the data, click on the databank (e.g. IMF International Finance Statistics (IFS)). If you haven't already accepted the conditions from that organisation you will first be redirected to a screen where you can do that.
This gives access to a large collection of business microdata, provided by the Office for National Statistics. The data are collected through a wide range of surveys (and some administrative sources), and cover: productivity, innovation, workforce skills, earnings, international trade, foreign direct investment, research and development, business demography and industrial relations.
Quandl has indexed over 5 million time-series datasets from over 400 sources. Most of the data refer to financial data and asset prices, but there are also various economic datasets. To access some of the datasets, you have to be a subscriber, but many are open and free. You can download any Quandl dataset in any format that you want. You can also visualize, save, share, authenticate, validate, upload, index, merge and transform data.
You can use the search box to find data or you can scroll through datasets. You can also limit your search to free datasets by using the filter at the top of the left-hand navigation panel.
RFE is part of AEAWeb - information for economists provided by the American Economic Association. From the Data page on the Resources for Economists (RFE) part of the site, there are links to very many online data sources, categorised by region. Categories include US Macro and Regional Data, World and Non-USA Data, Finance and Financial Markets, Journal Data and Program Archives.
RFE: Resources for Economists on the Internet
This is an online resources portal for development information and knowledge-sharing worldwide. Development Gateway is "an international nonprofit organization with the mission to reduce poverty and enable change in developing nations through information technology".
The following site allows you to access data on international aid by type of aid, donor, recipient, purpose or activity.
Zanran is a search site for data.
As the site says:
"Zanran helps you to find ‘semi-structured’ data on the web. This is the numerical data that people have presented as graphs and tables and charts. For example, the data could be a graph in a PDF report, or a table in an Excel spreadsheet, or a barchart shown as an image in an HTML page. This huge amount of information can be difficult to find using conventional search engines, which are focused primarily on finding text rather than graphs, tables and bar charts.
Put more simply: Zanran is Google for data."
Zanran search engine