The Handbook for Economics Lecturers


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Adnett, N. (2000) 'Introducing peer group assessment in an undergraduate economics programme', in P. Davies, S. Hodkinson and P. Reynolds (eds), Innovative Approaches to Learning and Teaching in Economics and Business Higher Education, Trentham Books, Stoke-on-Trent.

Bales, R. and Borgatta, E. (1955) 'Size of group as a factor in the interaction profile', in P. Hare, E. Borgatta and R. Bales (eds), Small Groups: Studies in Social Interaction, Alfred A. Knopf, New York.

Bartlett, R. (1998) 'Making cooperative learning work in economics classes', in W. Becker and M. Watts (eds), Teaching Economics to Undergraduates: Alternatives to Chalk and Talk, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham.

Becker, W. E. and Watts, M. (eds) (1998) Teaching Economics to Undergraduates: Alternatives to Chalk and Talk, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham.

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Bligh, D. (2000) What's the Point in Discussion?, Exeter: Intellect Books.

Brown, G. (2001) Assessment: A Guide for Lecturers, Generic Assessment Series, No. 3, LTSN Generic Centre, York.

Brown, R. (1988) Group Processes: Dynamics within and between Groups, Blackwell, Oxford.

Brown, S., Race, P. and Smith, B. (1996) 500 Tips on Assessment, London: Kogan Page.M

Cameron, S. (2002) Business Student's Handbook: Learning Skills for Study and Employment, Prentice Hall, Harlow.

Cardiff University (2001) 'Guidance on group work', online at

Charkins, R. J., O'Toole, D. M. and Wetzel, J. N. (1985) 'Linking teacher and student learning styles with student achievement and attitudes', Journal of Economic Education, vol. 16, spring, pp. 111-20.

Clark, M. A., Blancero D., Luce, C. and Marron, G. (2001) 'Teaching work group-task congruence: the fit for performance exercise', Journal of Management Education, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 531-52.

Coffield, F., Moseley, D., Hall, E. and Ecclestone, K. (2004) Learning Styles and Pedagogy in Post-16 Learning: A Systematic and Critical Review, Learning and Skills Council, London.

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Davies, P. (2000) 'Assessment criteria for learning and teaching economics', in P. Davies, S. Hodkinson and P. Reynolds (eds), Innovative Approaches to Learning and Teaching in Economics and Business Higher Education, Trentham Books, Stoke-on-Trent.

Economics LTSN (2003) '2003 Economics LTSN survey of economics lecturers', online at, Economics LTSN, University of Bristol, Bristol.

Elliott, C. (2001) 'Case study: group project assessment in first year business economics', online at

Festinger, L. (1954) 'A theory of social comparison processes', Human Relations, vol. 7, pp. 117-40.

Gibbs, G. (1994) Learning in Teams: A Student's Guide, Oxford Centre for Staff Development, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford.

Habeshaw, S., Gibbs, G. and Habeshaw, T. (1993) 53 Interesting Ways to Assess Your Students, The Cromwell Press, Melksham.

Hendry, G. D., Frommer, M. and Walker, R. A. (1999) 'Constructivism and problem-based learning', Journal of Further and Higher Education, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 359-71.

Holt, J. H. (1987) 'The social labouring effect: a study of the effect of social identity on group productivity in real and notional groups using Ringelmann's methods', unpublished manuscript, University of Kent.

Jaques, D. (2000) Learning in Groups, 3rd edn, Kogan Page, London.

Johnson, D. W. and Johnson, F. P. (1987) Joining Together: Group Theory and Group Skills, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs.

Johnson, D. W., Johnson, R. T. and Smith, K. A. (1998) Active Learning: Cooperation in the College Classroom, Interaction Book Co., Edina, MN.

Johnson, D.W, Maruyama, G., Johnson, R., Nelson, D. and Skon, L. (1981) 'Effects of cooperative, competitive, and individualistic goal structures on achievement: a meta-analysis', Psychological Bulletin, vol. 89, pp. 47-62.

Johnston, C. G., James, R. H., Lye, J. L. and McDonald, I. M. (2000) 'An evaluation of collaborative problem solving for learning economics', Journal of Economic Education, winter, pp. 13-29.

Kolb, D. (1984) Experiential Learning, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ and Harlow.

Lage, M., Platt, G. and Treglia, M. (2000) 'Inverting the classroom: a gateway to creating an inclusive learning environment', Journal of Economic Education, vol. 31, winter, pp. 30-43.

LTSN Engineering (2002) LTSN Engineering Working Group Report: Assessment of Individuals in Teams, online at , LTSN Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough.

Manning, L. M. and Riordan, C. A. (2000) 'Using groupware software to support collaborative learning in economics', Journal of Economic Education, summer, pp. 244-52.

Michaelson, R. (2000) 'Assessing group work', LTSN-BEST Briefing Paper, online at

Morgan, P. (2002) 'Supporting staff to support students: the application of a performance management framework to reduce group working problems', online at .

Moore, R. L. (1998) 'Teaching introductory economics with a collaborative learning lab component', Journal of Economic Education, fall, pp. 321-9.

O'Leary, R. and Cai, C. (2003) 'SOLE Case Study Series, Economics', online at .

O'Sullivan, T., Rice, J., Rogerson, S. and Saunders, C. (1996) Successful Group Work, Kogan Page, London, in association with De Montfort University.

QAA (2000), 'Subject benchmark statement Economics', online at, Quality Assurance Agency, Gloucester.

Race, P. (2000) 500 Tips on Group Learning, Kogan Page, London.

Race, P. (2001) A Briefing on Self, Peer and Group Assessment, Generic Assessment Series, No. 9, LTSN Generic Centre, York

Ruel, G. and Bastiaans, N. (2003) 'Free-riding and team performance in project education', International Journal of Management Education, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 26-37.

Skok, W. (2003) 'A hitch-hiker's guide to learning in higher education', Best Practice, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 10-12.

Sloman, J. (2002) Case study: 'the international trade game', online at

Steiner, I. D. (1972) Group Process and Productivity, Academic Press, New York.

Tuckman, B. W. (1965) 'Developmental sequences in small groups', Psychological Bulletin, vol. 63, no. 6, pp. 384-99.

Watkins, R. and Daly, V. (2003) 'Issues raised by an approach to group work for large numbers', BEST Conference, Brighton, 9-11 April.